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A Program Showcase: Podar Jumbo Kids

by Michael Kalinowski
September/October 2009
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Article Link: http://www.childcareexchange.com/article/podar-jumbo-kids/5018982/

Mumbai, the commercial capital of India, is a group of seven islands on India’s west coast. One of the most populous cities of the world, Mumbai was originally home to fishing communities. Formerly ceded to the Portuguese and then to Charles II of England when he married a Portuguese princess, the city was named Bombay by the British East India Company and renamed Mumbai in 1996.

In India, pre-primary education is not a fundamental right; thus a low percentage of children receive preschool education. Kindergartens are divided into two stages " lower (LKG for children aged 3-4) and upper (UKG for children aged 4-5). Recently playschool and nursery sections have become part of urban preprimary schools, serving children as young as two. In urban areas, where sufficient numbers of children are available within a reasonable radius, separate nursery schools may be provided. A few nursery classes are attached to junior basic or primary schools. While kindergarten in rural areas is free and paid for by the government, most schools in urban India receive no subsidy or governmental funding. Parents pay variable fees and the expense of running a preschool rests on the owner.

The National Council of Educational Research and Training ...

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