In a post on the Center for American Progress website, Rasheed Malik wrote, “Yale University researchers uncovered a surprising fact: Preschoolers were more likely to be expelled than children in any other grade. In fact, preschoolers were being expelled at rates more than three times higher than school-aged children. Subsequent research found that the effect of this phenomenon was also racialized. A report by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights showed that African American children represented 18 percent of public preschool enrollment, but 48 percent of preschoolers receiving multiple out-of-school suspensions.
While these numbers are undeniably appalling, they only account for a small portion of the overall preschool population. Many 3- and 4-year-olds attend preschool in private programs, which are not required to report suspensions and expulsions.
The Center for American Progress analyzed new data from the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health, finding that an estimated 50,000 preschoolers were suspended at least once. Another 17,000 or so preschoolers are estimated to have been expelled. This is the first nationally representative survey of preschool discipline that includes private preschools as well as public schools. Which means that, across all types of settings, the average school day sees roughly 250 instances of a preschooler being suspended or expelled.”
Source: “New Data Reveal 250 Preschoolers Are Suspended or Expelled Every Day,” by Rasheed Malik, November 6, 2017, americanprogress.org
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Expulsions are unfortunately a necessity!
When you have a child who is hurting themselves or others, you are at risk of getting a type A violation from Licensing for allowing it to happen. Licensed Facility have to protect their reputation, and their license.
There is not enough staff or money for the one on one that is needed in some cases. This is an area that has to be fixed and all party's have to be on the same page, including parents and licensing.
I understand the scope of this issue and the concern that it brings however, before blaming private preschools for this "appalling practice" I would like to point out a couple of factors not mentioned in this article. Private non-profit preschools often do not receive any federal or state funding and their budgets are tight in order to remain affordable for parents. Private non-profits preschools do not have social service or nurse consultants on site on a daily basis. Even when staff are educated and experienced, centers are often short handed and do not have extra staff people to provide additional support for challenging behavior issues or special needs in the classrooms. In addition, if the teachers believe a child has special needs and have referred a parent to seek services at the public school then it is not an expulsion but merely a re-direction to a more suitable environment with the needed support systems in place. Private non-profit Preschools may have to terminate an enrollment due their own limited resources, including financial limitations and inability to provide a child with the needed additional support. Private non-profit centers are often in a difficult situation and take no pleasure in asking a family to withdraw their child.
Two additional comments on this study are relevant, First, far more preschool boys than girls are suspended, and 2) in a study that looked at discipline within preschool classrooms, African American teachers (women) were more likely to discipline African American boys, than were white teachers.
Preschoolers getting expelled ?!?!?!
What are the top three reasons for expulsion ? I'm very keen to know the answer.