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Parent Education In Developing Countries
of childhood are necessary experiences: a child should not be denied a balloon
because an adult knows that sooner or later it will burst." –Marcelene
PARENT EDUCATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
UNESCO, a member of the World Forum Alliance, publishes thought provoking "Policy
Briefs". Their policy brief for July-August, "Women, Work, And Early
Childhood: The Nexus in Developed and Developing Countries (II)," contains
some interesting insights on early childhood education. For example...
"Given a relatively high per-child cost, institutional services for children
under three are also out of reach in most developing countries. As far as the
care and education of young children in their first years is concerned, one feasible
option is to educate parents in the basics of cleaning, feeding and interacting
with children. Parent education, which does not require a sophisticated
administration system, as it can be delivered informally, can have a substantial
positive impact on early childhood development by making parents more effective
early childhood educators. Parent education does not help solve the problem of
the parents' non-availability but it makes them become more effective early childhood
educators when available.
"But...mothers in disadvantaged situations, the main target population of
parent education programmes, are not easily available to attend classes. For this
reason, home-based programmes have been devised to mobilise mothers to serve as
collective early childhood educators for groups of children in neighourhood communities.
Such an approach allows mothers to work while their children are under the
care of someone with at least a minimum of training. However, home-based and parent
education programmes should not be considered permanent alternatives to government
spending on professional care and education for disadvantaged children. In addition,
in order to ensure quality, these programmes, too, require government support
and involvement to build the necessary administrative infrastructure."
To access this complete "Policy Brief", go to http://www.unesco.org/education/educprog/ecf/pdf/brief5en.pdf.
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