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A Timeline of Children's Rights

by Edna Runnels Ranck
July/August 2013
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Article Link: https://www.childcareexchange.com/article/a-timeline-of-childrens-rights/5021202/

1646
Massachusetts Colony modified its Body of Liberties to provide that rebellious children be brought to court (rather than receiving capital punishment).

1813
Connecticut required some schooling for laboring children.

1825
New York founded a House of Refuge, the first United States institution for juvenile delinquents.

1839
Pennsylvania Supreme Court upheld legality of institutions for juvenile delinquents and the right of courts to commit children over objections of parents.

1852
Massachusetts passed first compulsory education law.

1874
New York passed compulsory school attendance law.

1892
Kate Douglas Wiggin published Children's Rights.

1899
Illinois creates the first juvenile court.

1900
The Century of the Child, a book by Swedish activist Ellen Key, was translated from the German and published by G. P. Putnam's Sons in the United States in 1909.

1909
The first White House Conference on Children was held in 1909. These national conferences were held every 10 years until 1980.

1912
U.S. Children's Bureau established (first suggested at the first White House Conference on the Care of Dependent Children in 1909). Note: References to the White House Conferences on Children are from The Rights of Children, Harvard Educational Review, Reprint Series No. 9, 1974.

1919
After World War I ended, the League of Nations was established, including a Committee for the Protection of Children. The United States did not join the League of ...

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